As Pakistan grapples with a severe economic crisis and staggering inflation rates of 29 percent, a wave of protests has engulfed the nation in response to inflated electricity prices. The outcry comes as consumers burn electricity bills and voice their frustration against the mounting costs of living. Pakistan time provides latest news, This article delves into the ongoing protests, shedding light on the reasons behind the surge in electricity prices, the impact on the public, and the breakdown of the taxes levied on electricity bills.

Inflated Electricity Prices in Pakistan and Protests     

The backdrop of economic turmoil and the International Monetary Fund (IMF) deal has led to the reduction of power sector subsidies in Pakistan. This policy shift has resulted in the introduction of new electricity prices, which have reached record highs. Faced with this escalation, citizens across the country are taking to the streets, burning their electricity bills, and rallying against the seemingly insurmountable burden of overpricing.

Understanding the Breakdown

The basic amount on electricity bill in Pakistan is linked to the units of energy consumed, measured in kilowatt-hours (kWh). However, the power tariff encompasses a range of charges, taxes, and adjustments that directly impact the masses:

Fuel Price Adjustment (FPA):

This tax is dependent on the price of fuel used for generating electricity. For consumers who exceed a certain threshold of energy consumption, FPA is applied. If the cost of fuel rises during power generation, an additional charge is included in the subsequent billing cycle.

Electricity Duty:

An electricity duty is levied, often a nominal amount, which contributes to the overall bill.

General Sales Tax (GST):

GST is a significant component, usually calculated as a percentage of the total bill. This tax contributes to the government’s revenue.

Income Tax:

Income tax is deducted from the electricity bill for consumers who meet certain criteria. It is an amount withheld at the source and subsequently remitted to tax authorities.

Extra Taxes:

Extra taxes are added to the bill, often with varying names and rates, contributing to the overall financial burden.

Further Taxes and Sales Tax:

These charges, denoted separately, contribute to the accumulation of the final bill.

FC Surcharge:

The FC Surcharge, likely referring to Fuel Cost Adjustment, is an additional fee linked to fluctuations in fuel prices for power generation.

Taxes on FPA:

Taxes associated with the Fuel Price Adjustment add to the overall charges on the bill.

Impact of Rise in Electricity Prices on the Public

The repercussions of these rising electricity prices and additional charges are profound. With citizens already grappling with a high inflation rate, the surge in energy costs further strains household budgets. The protests are a manifestation of the collective frustration and economic distress experienced by millions.


The surge in protests against soaring electricity prices in Pakistan underscores the deep-seated economic challenges the country is facing. As the public voices their concerns over inflated electricity bills, it is evident that the burden of increased energy costs is taking a toll on everyday lives. The breakdown of taxes and charges on electricity bills sheds light on the complex financial ecosystem that contributes to the escalating prices. While authorities grapple with finding a balance between economic stability and public welfare, the protests serve as a stark reminder of the urgent need for measures to alleviate the financial strain on citizens.

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